What Are the Parts of a Spinning Reel? – Guide For Beginners

Mastering your fishing reels from the inside out provides a better, more self-sufficient fisher. You are learning what to fix or modify, when, and why, eventually leading to more fish. Efficient anglers catch more fish.

Setting up and changing your reel to fit goals and circumstances makes you more efficient. You can perfect your gear or set it up informally a lot simpler if you are acquainted with its pieces and their functions. The Spinning reel is often seen as challenging, especially while pitching.

In this article, we’ll go over the essential components of a Spinning reel. We’re convinced that by the conclusion of this article, you’ll be significantly more capable of making the most of your new bait caster. Our focus is on “What are the Parts of a Spinning  Reel?

What Are the Main Parts of a Spinning Reel?

A Spinning reel, also called a conventional reel, is a fishing reel that mounts on top of a fishing rod. It uses a revolving spool released and stopped by the angler using a thumb-operated brake. Spinning reels are more versatile than spinning reels because they can be used for heavier lures and line weights and offer more precise casting control.

The three main parts of a Spinning reel are the spool, the frame, and the handle. Several other smaller parts make up a Spinning reel, including the drag system, bearings, gears, brake systems, and various others (e.g., level winds).


parts of a spinning reel

  1. Handle
  2. Body/Frame
  3. Spool
  4. Drag System
  5. Bail Arm
  6. Anti-Reverse Lever
  7. Seat
  8. Gears
  9. Roller
  10. Brakes
  11. Knob
  12. Reel Foot

These are the most important parts of a spinning reel that you should be aware of before choosing a spinning fishing reel.

Now let’s learn about each part of a spinning reel and its purpose in detail

1. Handle

The handle helps to support the main point of contact between you and the rotation. This provides comfort to the user. Traditional handles and pistol grips are the two main types of handles in Spinning Reels.

Traditional handles offer a relatively natural grip which is why users are able to hold onto them for a long. Pistol grips on the other hand are less common.

However, they are often more comfortable for some users and enhance a better grip on the Spinning reel.

2. Body/Frame

The reel body or frame is the main component of the Spinning reel. It houses the other smaller parts and components that make up the reel.

The frame is made from aluminum, magnesium, or composite material. Choosing a spin with a strong and durable frame is essential as it will be subject to a lot of wear and tear during use.

3. Spool

The spool of a spinning reel is a fishing reel used to cast a bait or lure into the water. It is a simple device that consists of a spool, line, and rod. The spool is attached to the rod, and the cable is wound around it.

To cast the bait, the fisherman holds the rod in one hand and swings it in a circle. The centrifugal force caused by the spinning motion of the rod pushes the bait to be thrown out into the water.

4. Drag System

The drag system of a Spinning reel is one of the essential features to consider when choosing a reel. The drag system allows you to control the amount of line released when you cast. There are two types of drag systems: star and lever.

Star drag systems are the most common type of Spinning reels. They are easy to use and allow for precise adjustments. Lever drag systems are less common, but they offer more control over the number of lines released.

5. Bail Arm

The bail arm of a Spinning reel is the piece that extends out from the side of the spool. This arm holds the line in place as it is being cast. When you are ready to launch, you release the bail arm, and the line will be removed from the spool.

The bail arm is essential to a Spinning reel because it prevents the line from tangling as it is being cast. If the bail arm were not in place, the line would likely twist around the spool as it was released. This would make for a very messy and challenging use of the reel.

6. Anti-reverse Lever

The anti-reverse lever is an essential component of a Spinning reel. It is located at the back of the revolution and is used to engage and disengage the reel’s drag system. The lever allows the angler to easily change the amount of drag on the line, which is essential when fishing for different fish species.

The anti-reverse lever is engaged by pushing it forward, which locks the drag system in place. To disengage the lever, pull it back towards you. The amount of drag can be adjusted by turning the knob on the side of the reel. This allows you to tailor the damper to your specific needs, whether you’re fishing for large or small fish.

7. Seat

The seat of a Spinning reel is one of the essential parts of the rotation. The seat is what holds the spool in place and prevents it from moving around while you’re casting. It’s critical to choose a seat that is comfortable and easy to use so that you can focus on your fishing.

8. Gears

The gears of a Spinning reel are essential to the revolution. The gears determine how smoothly the rotation operates and how much power it has. There are two main gears for Spinning reels: traditional gears and pistol grip gears.

Standard gears are the most common type, offering a more natural feel that is easy to use. Pistol grip gears are less common but can provide more power and smoother operation for some anglers.

9. Roller

A roller of a Spinning reel is a specialized fishing reel designed for use with a Spinning rod. This type of reel is typically used by anglers targeting larger fish, as it provides more power and accuracy than other fishing reels.

The roller of the Spinning reel can provide greater power and accuracy due to its unique design. The rotation consists of a large spool mounted on top of the rod. The spool is filled with line and then wrapped around the bail, a metal arm extending from the center of the spool.

When an angler casts their line, the bail rotates around the spool, which causes the line to be released from the bail and cast out into the water. The roller on the Spinning reel helps to keep the pipe from tangling as it spins, providing smooth and trouble-free casting for anglers.

10. Brakes

The brake of a Spinning reel is a device used to control the speed of the spool during the cast. There are two types of brakes: centrifugal and magnetic. Centrifugal brakes use friction to slow the spool, while magnetic brakes use magnets to resist the rotation of the spool.

Centrifugal brakes are engaged by centrifugal force, which increases as the spool spins faster. The faster the spool spins, the more energy is required to stop it. Centrifugal brakes can be adjusted to provide different levels of braking power, depending on how much stopping power is needed.

Magnetic brakes work by using magnets to resist the rotation of the spool. The strength of the magnetic field can be adjusted to provide different levels of braking power. Magnetic brakes are often used with centrifugal brakes to give baitcasters greater control over their casts.

11. Knob

The cast control knob of a Spinning reel is a device used to adjust the amount of line released during the cast. This allows anglers to customize their forms to suit their fishing conditions.

The cast control knob is typically located on the side of the reel, and it can be adjusted using a screwdriver or an Allen wrench. The position of the knob determines how much line is released during the cast. If the knob is turned clockwise, fewer lines will be removed, and if it is turned counterclockwise, more lines will be released.

Anglers can use the cast control knob to fine-tune their casts to achieve greater accuracy. In general, tighter forms will be more accurate than wider ones. However, anglers may need to experiment with different settings to find what works best.

12. Reel Foot

The reel foot of a Spinning reel is the part of the reel that attaches to the rod. The reel foot must be securely attached to the rod for the revolution to function correctly.

There are two types of reel feet: fixed and adjustable. Set reel feet are attached to the reel with screws, while adjustable reel feet can be moved up or down on the reel body. Adjustable reel feet are often used by anglers who want to fine-tune their casts.

The reel foot size will determine what rods can be used with the particular Spinning reel. Most Spinning reels have standard-sized feet that will fit most rods, but some specialty reels have larger or smaller feet. Anglers should always check to ensure that the chosen Spinning reel will do their rod before purchasing it.

What To Consider Before Buying A Spinning Reel?

When choosing a spinning reel, there are several things you need to take into account to make sure you get the right one for your needs. The first thing to consider is what type of fish you plan on catching. If you are only catching smaller fish, you won’t need as large or powerful a reel.

However, if you want to catch bigger fish, you will need something that can handle the weight and fight of a larger fish.

Another thing to consider is the size of the spool. The size of the spool will determine how many lines it can hold. Most spinning reels have a capacity of around 100 yards of a 12-pound test line. This is enough for most applications, but you may need a larger spool if you plan on doing long-distance casting or fishing in heavy cover.

Some bait casting reels also have a larger spool capacity to hold more lines for extended use.

The bail is another important feature of a spinning reel. The bail helps to keep the line in place while you are casting and prevents it from tangling up.

There are two main types of bails: single-action and double-action. Single-action bails open only when you push a button or lever, while double-action bails open automatically when you start to cast.

Double-action bails are more convenient because you don’t have to worry about opening them before you cast, but they can also be more prone to problems like line tangles.


A Spinning reel is a specialized fishing reel that is designed for use with Spinning rods. Spinning reels are typically used for freshwater fishing, but can also be used in saltwater conditions. The Spinning reel is different from other types of fishing reels in that it has a spool that is positioned above the rod. This allows for more accuracy when casting, as well as increased control over the direction of the cast.

While Spinning reels offer many advantages over other types of fishing reels, they can be somewhat difficult to master. It takes practice and patience to learn how to operate a baitcaster without getting tangled up in your own line!

Additional Resources:

Young has worked on charter fishing boats in the Florida Keys, Virgin Islands, and Alaska. Growing up in Pennsylvania Young has also done extensive freshwater fishing including bass fishing tournaments. Young strives to provide detailed information about the best fishing gear and tactics to help both novice and experienced anglers have a more productive and enjoyable time on the water.

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